The humanity has invented a vast variety of baths on the way of the development! Each nation resolved hygienic issues by own methods, creating own baths or introducing amendments in already existing traditions. We are lucky. We have an opportunity to reap the fruits of this heritage. If you want to take a steam bath with a besom – welcome to the Russian steam room. If you have the desire to get warm dry air – go to the Finnish sauna. There are modern types of saunas (find more at saunasuite.com), that can be installed even in the flat.
The main difference between existing saunas is not in names, an interior or workmanship. The most important are microclimate. That is a ratio of temperature and humidity. Feelings that you will receive depends on how pleasant and comfortable you will be.
A steam bath – Turkish hammam (t=40-45 °C, % f=90-100).
Turkish hammam differs in a soft microclimate, which is characterized by a low temperature in combination with almost absolute humidity. As a rule, hammam used for rest, carry out of various cosmetic procedures: masks, massages, peelings.
- A steam sauna – the Russian bath (t=45-70 °C, % f=40-65). The Russian bath has high humidity and average temperatures. Such microclimate forms a thin film of water on the skin. In feelings, it is similar to acceptance of a shower from small heated drops. Heat conductivity of water is more, than usual air. Therefore, in such conditions the organism gets warm stronger, than in a dry-air sauna (at identical temperatures).
- The dry air sauna – the Finnish sauna (t=70-110 °C, % f=8-20). The dry air sauna has very low humidity and practically no steam. Therefore to warm up an organism deeply, as well as in the Russian bath, it is necessary to increase temperature. In the Finnish sauna, it can reach extreme limits.
- A damp sauna – Sauna-Sport (t=75-95 °C, % f=25-30). This type of baths resulted from the transformation of the dry air mode of the Finnish sauna. Humidity is increased artificially, by watering of the heated stones. The sports sauna is unhealthy and life threatening. It is used in sports meets on endurance.
- A water bath – Japanese Ofuro (t=40-60 °C, % f=100). Ofuro is the most exotic type of baths representing the warmed barrel filled with hot water. In fact, it is a hot bathtub. Skin of the person under water does not breathe, but the increased temperature provokes quite strong sweating. Hot water washes away the formed sweat, fats, and slags from a time.
- Transitional options between the Russian and Finnish baths (tcp =60 °C, fcp of =30%). The Greek lakonikuma and the Roman terms belong to such type of baths.